Making soaps at home will not be a problem following the techniques that we will explain below. So you can get a handmade product, with excellent benefits. Soaps can be made from oils, fats or waxes, making them react with a specific amount of caustic soda, so that the saponification process, known as the transformation of fats into soap, occurs.
Making homemade soap at home, from a glycerin-based product, is another technique a little simpler than the previous one and the result is quite acceptable.
Here’s a list of base ingredients, so you can learn how to make easy homemade soap at home.
Homemade soap from oils
Castor oil, palm, corn, olive, coconut, mango and apricot seeds are usually used. Everything will depend on the requirements of your skin.
The amount of caustic soda will be calculated based on the saponification index of each oil.
The saponification index according to the type of oil is a standard value found on the internet or in the information of each product.
The amount of water to be used will depend on the concentration of bleach that is set. For example, for every 30% bleach, 70% water is required. This parameter will undoubtedly influence the drying time and the final finishes of the soap.
To prepare homemade soap, with 100 grams of apricot seed oil and 100 grams of olive oil, it is required:
- 3 grams of caustic soda.
- 37 grams of demineralized water (at a bleach concentration of 30%).
- Dyes in 1% of the total mixture and natural aromatic essences in 1.5%.
- Optional natural additives such as honey, green tea, rosemary.
Preparing the mixture and saponifying
The oils are heated over low heat until they melt and the soda should be slowly incorporated into the water.
It is necessary to try to perform this procedure in an adequately ventilated environment, to avoid the inhalation of vapors and use goggles and protective gloves.
Once the soda is dissolved in the water, rapid heating of the mixture will occur. It should be left to stand at 45 °C and added to the melted oils.
Then, mix until you get a thick consistency. At this point, natural dyes and additives are incorporated. To properly mix and dissolve the dyes, the use of a blender is recommended.
Pour the mixture into the molds and cover with a blanket for 24 hours. Then it is removed from the molds, the soap pastes are cut (if it is a bar) and allowed to dry away from the light for 4 weeks.
Homemade soap from glycerin
If you want to know how to make homemade soap with ingredients from home, it is very simple, just use one of the glycerin soaps of your choice and proceed to melt it until it acquires a soft texture. The use of glycerin replaces caustic soda.
To the melted soap you can add essences and natural additives of cinnamon, lemon, mint or any other of your preference.
Then, the mixture is poured into molds and left to stand for 2 hours. Subsequently, it is unmolded and put on film paper in the refrigerator for 1 hour.
Once the time has elapsed, it is removed from the refrigerator and balanced at room temperature. Then, it is left to dry and will be ready to use.
Homemade liquid soaps
To make homemade liquid soaps, you need to follow a few simple steps and unleash your creativity. Especially, when it comes to adding natural products that benefit your skin.
Our purpose is to advise you how to make homemade liquid soap at home. To do this, you can do it from scratch or from a base.
If you want to know how to make liquid hand soap, the technique is very simple, because molds are not used and can be used immediately.
To make liquid soap from a base, you need a bar of soap of your choice, a few tablespoons of liquid glycerin or olive oil, demineralized or distilled water and essences. This is in proportions of 3 cups of water, for each cup of grated soap.
The procedure involves grating the soap paste, heating the water and adding the soap, constantly mixing until it melts.
It is removed from the heat and the drops of glycerin or olive oil and natural essences are added. Luegor, it is packaged in a container with a dispenser.
In essence, the techniques for making toilet soaps have been explained, but we also show you how to make homemade soap for washing dishes.
The necessary ingredients are:
- 300 grams of Marseille soap without glycerin (type of traditional soap based on vegetable oils).
- 1 liter of water.
- 4 tablespoons baking soda.
The water is heated and the grated soap is added until melted. Before boiling, two cups of the mixture are removed and the baking soda is dissolved in it.
The mixture that remains on the fire is boiled for a few more minutes. At this point, the reserve of baking soda dissolved in soap is added and removed from the heat. The product is allowed to cool and packaged in a container with a dispenser.
As you can see, you already know another alternative to prepare liquid soap for dishwashers. Remember that the elaboration procedures always suggest being careful when making the mixtures.
Customize and take the necessary precautions
The base formulation of all types of soap, must be maintained. The customization in the preparation, consists of adding color, mixing essences that provide pleasant aromas and making soaps in layers, with molds of different designs and shapes.
Remember to respect the doses in the preparation. An excess of caustic soda can vary considerably the pH of the soap and this will be counterproductive for your skin.
On the other hand, the ingredients before mixing, must be at the same temperature. You have to let the mixtures rest for the estimated time, which will allow evaporating the necessary amount of water, to prevent the soap from being pasty.
During the drying process, you should keep the soap out of the heat, because otherwise it could break.